Association of Dietary Practices with Mental Health Problems among Geriatrics

Dietary Practices with Mental Health Problems among Geriatrics

Authors

  • Maria Aslam University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Farwa Murtaza University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Sana Murtaza University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Natasha Azhar University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Nasir Abbas University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Samia Saleem University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Fareena Manzoor University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54393/df.v1i01.6

Keywords:

Geriatrics, Dietary Practices, Malnutrition, Depression

Abstract

Identification of elderly people dietary practices is the first step towards encouraging healthy diet in them. Proper diet, special care and supplementation are very necessary for effective physical or mental survival of older people with the age of 60-95 years.Objective:To find out the association of dietary practices with mental health problems among geriatrics. Methods:A Cross-sectional Study was operated to assess the dietary practices through pretested Questionnaire (MNA) on the basis of 24 hours’ recall method among Older Adults. The study duration was 4 months and the technique was Non probability convenient sampling.The sample size was 290 older people out of which 48% were males and 52% were females aged between 60-95 years residing in different Old Age Homes of Lahore. The data were analyzed with SPSS version 21.0. The qualitative variables were reported using percentages and frequencies. Chi-square test was applied and p-value less than 0.05 was considered significant.Results:The results revealed that out of 290 respondents; 81(30%) of them were skipping breakfast, 133 (46%) were skipping lunch, 31(11%) were skipping dinner. There were 115(40%) geriatrics which were suffering from depression, 101(35%) were suffering from dementia, 29(10%) were suffering from Insomnia, 45(15%) had Dizziness/Irritability. Only 35(12%) older adults who were taking Supplements. On daily basis, 198(68%) of elderly people were incorporating Chapatti/rice into their diet as the best source of energy, 61(21%) respondents were preferring Milk/yogurt, 22(8%) of older people were consuming fruit juices and salad, 8(3%) of older people were those whose daily food was Soup/porridge. Conclusions:The study concluded that most of the older adults were skipping their meals on daily basis and were suffering from depression, dementia, Insomnia, Dizziness/Irritability. They were less focusing on supplements. The elderly people were mostly consuming Chapatti/rice on daily basis from all of the food groups, they were observed in stressful situations during the meal, when most of the people had reduced their food, there were some who stopped eating. In both males and females, a trend of sweet and salty cravings was mostly seen.

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Published

2020-06-30

How to Cite

Aslam, M. ., Murtaza, F. ., Murtaza, S. ., Azhar, N. ., Abbas, N. ., Saleem, S. ., & Manzoor, F. . (2020). Association of Dietary Practices with Mental Health Problems among Geriatrics: Dietary Practices with Mental Health Problems among Geriatrics. DIET FACTOR (Journal of Nutritional &Amp; Food Sciences), 1(01), 14–19. https://doi.org/10.54393/df.v1i01.6

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Original Article