DIET FACTOR (Journal of Nutritional & Food Sciences) <p><strong>Title of Journal: DIET FACTOR (ISSN Online:2789-8105, Print:2789-8091)</strong></p> <p><strong>Frequency: Semi-Annual</strong></p> <p><strong>Affiliated with:</strong> Lahore Medical Research Center</p> <p><strong>Website:</strong> (<a href=""></a>)</p> <p><strong>Address:</strong> 746-A, Kashmir Block, Allama Iqbal Town, Lahore, Pakistan</p> <p><strong>Published By:</strong> CrossLinks International Publishers (CLIP), Lahore, Pakistan</p> <p><strong>Website: (</strong><a href=""></a>)</p> <p><strong>Address:</strong> 590-Karim Block, Allama Iqbal Town, Lahore, Pakistan</p> <p>LMRC’s Journal of Nutritional &amp; Food Science <strong>(Diet Factor)</strong> is an international, double-blind peer-reviewed journal offering accessible and comprehensive coverage of food, beverage, and nutrition research. <strong>Diet Factor </strong>offers scientists and food professionals the prospect of sharing scientific encroachments in the myriad of disciplines affecting their work, to help advance the science of food and food innovation across the globe.</p> <p>The aim of the <strong>Diet Factor</strong> is to offer scientists and researchers an international forum to <em>enable</em> the rapid dissemination of practical and social applications of research at the forefront of food and nutritional sciences as well as interdisciplinary research that spans these two fields. The journal publishes double-blind peer-reviewed articles that covers all the aspects of food science, including the interface between production agriculture and food, as well as how food science influences health and nutrition. In all cases, the key findings in multidisciplinary articles must address some innovative or controversial practices and points of view of the science of food.</p> <p><strong>Diet Factor</strong> is committed to maintaining the highest standards of professional ethics, accuracy, and quality in all matters related to handling manuscripts and reporting scientific information.</p> <p>The journal welcomes empirical and applied research, viewpoint papers, conceptual and technical papers, case studies, meta-analysis studies, literature reviews, mini reviews and letters to the editors that take a scientific approach to the following topics: Dietetics, Community Nutrition, Obesity and Weight loss, Molecular Nutrition, Nutrigenomics, Metabolic, Molecular, and Genetic Mechanisms of Nutrients, Disease Prevention, Nutritional Methodologies and Modeling, Nutritional Epidemiology, Clinical Nutrition, Nutrition in different Cultural and Ethnic Groups, Nutrition in Life Cycle, Nutrition in Medical Management, Plant and Animal Nutrition, Diet and Aging and Age-related degeneration, Nutritional Public Health Initiatives, Policies and Legislation, Clinical and Community Nutrition and Health (including public health and multiple or complex co-morbidities) and Nutritional and Food Sciences.</p> <p><strong><u>Articles Submission &amp; Publication Fee</u></strong></p> <p>Processing Charges: None</p> <p>Publication Charges: None</p> <p><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><strong>Waiver Policy</strong></span></p> <p>If an author has no funds to pay such charges, he may request for full or partial waiver of publication fees. The decision may however vary from case to case.</p> <p>We do not want charges to prevent the publication of worthy material.</p> <p>Submission are welcome and may be submitted here.</p> <p><a href=""></a></p> <p> </p> <p> </p> CrossLinks International Publishers en-US DIET FACTOR (Journal of Nutritional & Food Sciences) 2789-8091 <p>This is an open-access journal and all the published articles / items are distributed under the terms of the <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. For comments</p> <p><a href=""></a></p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> Diet Intervention: Choice for Cancer Prevention and Patients Survival <p>Cancer remains a second leading cause of death in the world, despite significant advances in treatment. It is well known that diet has a significant impact on overall health, calorie restriction may be beneficial for treating a number of diseases and even lengthening patients survival. Obesity and cancer have been shown to have strong epidemiological links, and healthy diets have been shown to lower the risk of developing cancer. There is also evidence that obese patients have a worse outcome and a higher mortality rate after being diagnosed with breast, colon, prostate, pancreatic, ovarian, and hematologic cancers. However, little is known about how nutrition may affect cancer once it has been detected, particularly how diet may influence cancer therapy [1].</p> <p>The American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) developed lifestyle recommendations based on the most recent evidence. Following these suggestions may increase overall survival after cancer diagnosis: preserving a healthy body weight; engaging in physical activity; eating a diet high in fiber and soy; and limiting the consumption of fats, particularly saturated fatty acids. Previous study also supports the clinical utility of diet interventions in cancer patients. These interventions aim to ensure adequate energy and nutrient intake during chemotherapy, which may also improve patient response to and alleviate the toxicity of pharmacological anti-cancer therapies. Furthermore, by reducing cancer comorbidities, modifications in lifestyle, like as diet and exercise, might lessen the long-term negative effects of treatment regimens and improve general health over the long term [2].</p> <p>Consumption of lignans, raw vegetables, dietary fiber, the Mediterranean diet, various dietary sources, low meat consumption, vegetarianism, or veganism, dietary intake (or biomarkers) of specific vitamins, like vitamin D, vitamin K2, or vitamin C, were all linked to a lower risk of developing cancer. An increased risk of cancer mortality was associated with poor food quality, alcohol usage, the intake of soft beverages like juice, and to a lesser extent, the consumption of certain fatty acids. The risk of dying from cancer was significantly enhanced by obesity [3].</p> <p>The diet play important role in the lifestyle, disease prevention and may act as an immune booster but diet intervention is not surprising topic of discussion in the therapy of cancer. If the dietary intervention found beneficial in cancer treatment and prevention with therapeutic efficacy, it may have little or no toxicity. At this point, it is impossible to be sure which dietary strategy is best, and diet efficacies are likely to vary depending on patient, therapeutic regimen and cancer type. When implementing these strategies in the clinic, some personalization may be required because physician who treat overweight and obese patients are aware that sometimes the best diet is the one the patient is willing and able to follow. Further studies are needed on better diet intervention to cancer patients in order to improve cancer prognosis and patients survival</p> Hina Mukhtar Copyright (c) 2023 DIET FACTOR (Journal of Nutritional & Food Sciences) 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 01 02 10.54393/df.v3i02.57 Potential Therapeutic Effect of Barley on Cardiovascular Diseases <p>Barley is a fantastic food option for those with various illnesses as well as for those who want to lead a healthy lifestyle. This cereal is a great source of soluble dietary fiber, particularly beta glucans, and it also includes vital vitamins and minerals. For its excellent antioxidant activity and as a source of vitamins and minerals, green barley is advised. Depending on phytonutrients such as -glucan, phenolics, flavonoid, lignans, tocols, sitosterol, and folic, regular consumption of whole wheat grain and its hydroethanolic extracts decreases the risk of chronic ailments (hyperglycemia, malignancy, overweight, cardiac disease. Barley and its products in a recent year had gain an importance due to its counteractive components which play potent role against cardiovascular diseases by lowering down the oxidative stress and improving High density lipoprotein further Lowering down low-density lipoprotein, VLDL ratios further regulating insulin levels and lowering down the spike in blood glucose levels showing potent anti-oxidative and cardiovascular functions. Due to their abundance in these nutrients, barley is effective in promoting healthy bodily function. To enjoy all of the advantages of barley, barley grain is a wonderful option.</p> Madiha Khan Niazi Farooq Hassan Sahar Imran Zainab Saeed Khadija Riaz Zuha Sohail Muhammad Amjed Ismail Copyright (c) 2023 DIET FACTOR (Journal of Nutritional & Food Sciences) 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 03 06 10.54393/df.v3i02.58 Assessment of Hygienic conditions of Street Food Vendors and Identification of Hazardous points involved during Street Food Vending <p>The provision of safe and nutritious food is a fundamental human right that contributes to good health, efficiency, and provides a foundation for people' sustainable development and poverty reduction. <strong>Objectives:</strong> To analyze the sanitary conditions of street food sellers and to identify potential hazards during street food vending. <strong>Methods:</strong> A cross-sectional study was carried out. Between September and November 2013, 100 street food vendors in three heavily populated neighborhoods of Lahore (Ravi town, Data Ganj Baksh, and Shahdara town) were assessed using a questionnaire and a food safety checklist. For the production of safe street food, hazards were identified along the phases involved in street food selling. The SPSS software was used to analyze the data. <strong>Results: </strong>89% of vendors lacked hygiene and proper clothing, and 71% did not wash their hands before food preparation. 36% of vendors were afflicted with various diseases. Only 27% of the vending units were sufficiently clean and well maintained. The biggest concern with unsanitary food served by street food sellers was that only 19% purchased raw items from trusted sources. Only 18% of respondents used separate utensils for raw and RTE food storage, while 49% did not. The presence of fungal growth (26%) indicated the source of food-borne infections. There were six primary points/steps in street food vendors where contamination and hazardous threats existed. <strong>Conclusions:</strong> Most street foods were found unsanitary and hazardous. The food vendors were mainly ignorant and uninformed about food safety. Basic GHP and HACCP related precautionary measures should be taken.</p> Maria Kanwal Copyright (c) 2023 DIET FACTOR (Journal of Nutritional & Food Sciences) 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 07 11 10.54393/df.v3i02.56 Association of Pregnancy Outcome Complications Among Females with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome <p>Association of pregnancy outcome complications among females with polycystic ovary syndrome among females of reproductive age between 18 to 55 years, in relation to their knowledge and attitude about complications in pregnancy and polycystic ovary syndrome. <strong>Objectives:</strong> To find out the complications and dietary patterns associated with pregnancy due to polycystic ovary syndrome among the reproductive age females. <strong>Methods:</strong> A cross-sectional study was carried out from the Mayo hospital Lahore. 200 participants were included in the study. The participants were assessed through a questionnaire. SPSS version 20 was used for data analysis. In inclusion criteria, female of reproductive age in Mayo hospital Lahore. <strong>Results:</strong> All of the 220 participants filled out the questionnaire under observation and with proper knowledge. The results from the questionnaire suggested that out of 220 participants 21-25 years and &gt;30 years of females with BMI over-weight and obese have more chances on complication in pregnancy while have PCOS. While 18-20 years with under-weight BMI have 20% chances for having complications. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> This study concluded there is a high association in the pregnancy outcome complications in females with polycystic ovary syndrome. Those who have more adverse complications might have chances to have a BMI generally obese or over-weight. Our study significantly reflects that mostly women have a family of gestational diabetes, pregnancy induced hyper-tension have more chances of have preterm babies or delivery complications due to PCOS.</p> Laiba Tariq Shaista Jabeen Hafsa Kamran Areej Butt Mahe Yemeen Mafia Nazir Shaista Nazir Hira Nosheen Tabeer e Haram Samar Javed Hafsa Ali Shahzaib Ghouri Hashim Hayat Khan Copyright (c) 2022 DIET FACTOR (Journal of Nutritional & Food Sciences) 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 12 16 10.54393/df.v3i02.63 Causes of Infertility Among Married Women Visiting Outdoor Hospitals in Lahore, Pakistan <p>Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive following a reasonable period of unprotected sexual activity without the use of contraception. <strong>Objective:</strong> To find the determinants of infertility among married women visiting public Hospitals, Lahore. <strong>Methods:</strong> A cross sectional study was conducted at Public hospitals in Lahore during 4 months. A questionnaire was used to collect data from 100 married women. The study included all adult married women with infertility. SPSS version 21.0 was used to analyze the data. <strong>Results:</strong> The results revealed that the minimum age of participants was 20 to 30 years and the maximum was 30 to 40 years. The minimum weight of the participants in the study is 40 to 50 kg and maximum value was 50 to 60 kg. Infertility was found in 50% of women who had previously been treated for infertility, and in 52% of women who were experiencing trouble getting pregnant. Endometriosis, the most prevalent cause of infertility, was detected in 45 percent of the subjects. 57% participants has been attempting pregnancy in months and 43% were attempting in years. <strong>Conclusions</strong>: With 60% of the participants in this study developing glucose tolerance, which can result in celeic diseases, women who experience unexplained infertility or recurrent miscarriages are also more likely to experience celeic sickness. In order for medical experts and the government to be able to provide infertility care, further research is urgently required to learn more about the current state of fertility and associated risk factors.</p> Mashal Khan Maria Aslam Shaista Jabeen Sabahat Bukhari Hooria Baloch Syeda Alveena Naqvi Aiman Rafique Copyright (c) 2022 DIET FACTOR (Journal of Nutritional & Food Sciences) 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 17 21 10.54393/df.v3i02.62 Comparison of Dietary Habits and Psychological Outcomes in Hostelites and Day Scholars <p>A student's transition to college is marked by a new phase of independence, joyous activities, lifestyle changes, and behavior that includes eating habits. Eating habits have a long-term effect on a person health.<strong> Objective: </strong>To assess and compare dietary habits among day scholar and hostelites and their psychological outcomes. <strong>Methods:</strong> Using the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) and the Global Sleep Assessment Questionnaire (GSAQ), a cross-sectional study with a sample size of 100 students was carried out at the University of Lahore over a period of four months. <strong>Results:</strong> Frequency of normal BMI was more in hostelites as compared to Day scholars. The comparison of day scholars and students living in hostels also revealed that hostelites have more psychological distress, their sleeping quality is worse and they have bad eating habits. Several aspects were assessed by questionnaires in the study which find out that Lifestyle and dietary habits have an effect on the psychological health among university students. <strong>Conclusions:</strong> This study highlighted the difficulties college students have in leading nutritionally healthy lives, particularly when they reside in dorms. The current findings point to a worryingly high incidence of psychological discomfort, as well as unhealthy eating, sleeping, and lifestyle choices that need o0to be targeted and changed.</p> Ayat Qureshi Maria Aslam Hafsa Kamran Kainat Sandhu Dania Fatima Copyright (c) 2022 DIET FACTOR (Journal of Nutritional & Food Sciences) 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 22 27 10.54393/df.v3i02.60 Role of Advanced Tools and Technologies (M-Health Apps & Fitness Watches) in Affecting the Nutritional Wellness and Lifestyle Behaviors of University Students <p>A huge increase in mobile health applications and wearable technologies has been seen in young individuals to track the records of progress in healthy lifestyle adaptation. <strong>Objective:</strong> To determine the role of advanced technologies and tools in affecting the nutritional wellness and lifestyle behaviors among university students. <strong>Methods:</strong> A cross sectional study was done at University of Lahore, Lahore Campus for duration of 4 months, using convenient sampling technique. Data were collected from 100 university students by a self-governing questionnaire. Different statistical tools were applied using SPSS version 21.0 software to analyze the data which included descriptive statistics and cross tabulation. <strong>Results:</strong> Out of 100 participants, 56% used wearable technology and 32% did not use while 12% used it in the past. On the contrary, 36% maintained weight and 27% did not maintain. 33% used this technology for awareness against diseases and 36% found no use in awareness out of 100. 52% got help in choosing portion sizes, 48% maintained hydration and joined exercise programs. 40% participants reduced interactions with their doctors due to this technology. 26% participants found that it reduces public health cost while 26%used it for detection of drug cravings. <strong>Conclusions:</strong> The results of this research conclude that there were a large number of participants use fitness apps and watches. Individuals mostly use these technologies for weight loss tracking and to improve their health. A positive impact of these tools and technologies is hence found upon healthy lifestyle adaptation among university students.</p> Taiba Tanvir Maira Iftikhar Komal Sajjad Roman Ali Copyright (c) 2022 DIET FACTOR (Journal of Nutritional & Food Sciences) 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 28 33 10.54393/df.v3i02.64